The USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has described how states and. The industry is rebalancing and farmers are restoring their expectations. Agriculture experts warn that the US hemp market could take years to mature and stabilize. They say that hemp is likely to remain a specialized crop, like cherries or tulips, rather than competing with major commodities, such as corn and soybeans.
Hemp (Cannabis sativa), also called industrial hemp, a plant of the Cannabaceae family that is cultivated for its viber fiber or its edible seeds.
Hemp is sometimesconfused with cannabis plants that serve as a source of the drug marijuana and hashish, a pharmacological preparation. Although all three products, hemp, marijuana and hashish, contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a compound that produces psychoactive effects on humans, the variety of cannabis that is cultivated for hemp contains only small amounts of THC compared to that cultivated for the production of marijuana or hashish. The survey revealed that 82% of hemp producers are men and 52% of those surveyed reported that agriculture is their main occupation.
The report also contains additional information on the characteristics of hemp producers, including the years they operated a farm, age, and breed. Many of the insects that cause problems with other crops, such as cutworms, larvae, flea beetles, grasshoppers and aphids, have been described in hemp. Hemp is a short-day plant and will only begin to mature when the length of the day is less than 12 hours of sunlight. Hemp can benefit other crops in rotation, for example, by suppressing weeds and some species of nematodes by hemp.
The history of industrial hemp was linked to its high-THC cousin in the 1930s, with the introduction of laws at the state and federal levels that prohibited its cultivation. However, that information is not available for hemp production due to previous research restrictions in the United States, some 107,000 acres have been authorized outdoors so far this year, according to Hemp Benchmarks, a provider of data on the hemp industry based in Stamford, Connecticut. Industrial hemp is commercially produced in more than 30 countries around the world, with France being the largest producer of industrial hemp in the world. The sessions emphasized that Canadian hemp markets were slow to develop, Teske said, and advised Kansans to look for buyers before planting a hemp crop.
In the mid-19th century, the introduction of cotton as a fiber crop and tobacco caused a decline in hemp production. Traditionally, hemp was left in the field for up to five weeks after being cut to rot (dew decay), a process of decay that breaks the bonds between the long outer fibers of the viber and the shorter inner fibers. Eligible hemp producers are eligible for several NRCS conservation programs, including the Environmental Quality Incentive Program, the Conservation Management Program, the Agricultural Conservation Easements Program, and the Regional Conservation Partnership Program. Industrial hemp producers must carefully identify what industrial hemp products and sales channels are available before starting production, obtain the necessary permits prior to production, and ensure that production is conducted in accordance with state and federal laws.
Hemp was traditionally cultivated as a source of fiber and most genotypes from temperate climates had a very low content of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).